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Please read "Security" section of the manual 的解决方法

2015-03-03930人围观
简介 完整错误信息:Please read "Security" section of the manual to find out how to run mysqld as root 在 虚拟机中安装了CentOS时安装了Nami版的Rendmine,没有设置MySQL自动启动,手动启动时出现 Please read "Security" section of the manual to ...
完整错误信息:Please read "Security" section of the manual to find out how to run mysqld as root

在 虚拟机中安装了CentOS时安装了Nami版的Rendmine,没有设置MySQL自动启动,手动启动时出现 Please read "Security" section of the manual to find out how to run mysqld as root!错误,根据提示,查了 /opt/redmine-1.2.1-1/mysql/docs/mysql.info的Security部分,发现是因为MySQL为了安全,不希望 root用户直接启动mysql。下面是文档中的原文:


 *Never run the MySQL server as the Unix `root' user. This is
  extremely dangerous, because any user with the `FILE' privilege is
  able to cause the server to create files as `root' (for example,
  `~root/.bashrc'). To prevent this, *Note `mysqld': mysqld. refuses
  to run as `root' unless that is specified explicitly using the
  `--user=root' option.

    永远不要使用root帐号启动MySQL Server。这样做很微笑,因为拥有FILE'权限的用户会使得MySQL Server使用root帐户创建文件(比如,~root/.bashrc),为了防止类似的事情发生,mysqld默认拒绝用户使用root帐户启动, 但root用户可以通过在命令后面加上"--user=root"选项来强行启动mysqld。

  *Note `mysqld': mysqld. can (and should) be run as an ordinary,
  unprivileged user instead. You can create a separate Unix account
  named `mysql' to make everything even more secure. Use this
  account only for administering MySQL. To start *Note `mysqld':
  mysqld. as a different Unix user, add a `user' option that
  specifies the user name in the `[mysqld]' group of the `my.cnf'
  option file where you specify server options. For example:

          [mysqld]
          user=mysql

   与使用root用户启动mysqld相比,更好的方法是使用一个普通的、没有高级权限的用户帐户允许mysqld,例如创建一个名为mysql的用户帐户来专门管理MySQL。使用其帐启

   动MySQL的方法是在mysqld命令后面加上一个用户选项,这个用户属于mysqld用户组并且位于my.cnf配置文件中。例如在创建mysql帐户后,可以将下面的内容添加到my.cnf文

   件中:

        [mysqld]

          user=mysql

  This causes the server to start as the designated user whether you
  start it manually or by using *Note `mysqld_safe': mysqld-safe. or
  *Note `mysql.server': mysql-server. For more details, see *Note
  changing-mysql-user::.

    这个选项可以使你使用指定的用户帐户启动MySQL,无论是mysqld_safe还是mysql.server命令,都可以使用。

  Running *Note `mysqld': mysqld. as a Unix user other than `root'
  does not mean that you need to change the `root' user name in the
  `user' table. _User names for MySQL accounts have nothing to do
  with user names for Unix accounts_.

    不要使用Unix的root用户启动并不意味着你要修改MySQL中的user表中的root用户名,因为Unix的root帐户和MySQL的root帐户没有什么关系。

最终命令:/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --user=root &

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